Belajar materi listening TOEFL: Negative & positive


Salah satu cara pembuat tes TOEFL dalam mengecoh para test taker, ialah mereka membuat kalimat negatif di percakapan, sementara yang akan menjadi jawaban berupa kalimat positif, begitupun sebaliknya.

Materi bertikut merupakan lanjutan dari series belajar TOEFL listening untuk level intermediate, pastikan pelajari materi-materi sebelumnya:


On the recording, you hear:

(man) How did they get to their grandmother’s house in Maine in only five hours?
(woman) They didn’t drive slowly on the trip to Maine.
(narrator) What does the woman say about the trip’?

In your test book or on the computer screen, you read:

(A) They drove rather quickly.
(B) They couldn’t have driven more slowly.
(C) They wanted to travel slowly to Maine.
(D) They didn’t drive to Maine.

Pembahasan jawaban:

  • Jawabannya adalah A, berikut kami beri terjemahannya.
  • They didn’t drive slowly on the trip to Maine. (Mereka TIDAK mengemudi dengan lambat di perjalanan ke Maine.)
  • (A) They drove rather quickly. (Mereka mengemudi agak cepat.)

The following chart outlines the types of negative expressions that you should be careful of:

Contoh soal dengan trasncript:

Untuk latihan berikut, silahkan terlebih dahulu membaca transkrip, kemudian menjawab pertanyaan setiap soal masing-masing. Perhatikan bagaimana sistem penggunaan kalimat positif dan negatif.

Soal 1
(man) I can’t seem to get the door unlocked.
(woman) That isn’t the right key for the door.
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

(A) The key in the drawer is on the right.
(B) The man should write the message on the door.
(C) The man has the wrong key.
(D) The right key isn’t in the drawer.

Soal 2
(man) Were you pleased with last week’s convention?
(woman) Nothing went as planned.
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

(A) The convention was disorganized.
(B) She didn’t plan to attend the convention.
(C) She planned the convention last week.
(D) She wasn’t pleased with the last week of the convention.

Soal 3
(woman) Are you planning to go to college next year?
(man) I’m really unsure about the idea.
(narrator) What does the man mean?

(A) He definitely wants to go to college.
(B) He is certain about his plans.
(C) He’s hesitant about attending college.
(D) His idea is to go to college.

Pembahasan jawaban

  1. (C) The man has the wrong key.
  2. (A) The convention was disorganized. (Konvensi/konferensi itu tidak teratur.)
    Nothing went as planned. (Tidak ada yang sesuai dengan rencana.)
  3. (C) He’s hesitant about attending college. (Dia ragu terkait melanjutkan kuliah.)
    I’m really unsure about the idea. (Saya sangat tidak yakin dengan idea itu.)
Latihan tes TOEFL dengan Audio MP3

Silahkan diklik dan didengarkan audio MP3 berikut dan jawab soal masing-masing dengan benar. Perhatikan pola kalimat positif dan negatif.

(A) She is very busy.
(B) She has lots of free time.
(C) It is not necessary to take out the trash.
(D) She will do it if she has time.

(A) The interview is very important.
(B) He is worried about the interview.
(C) What he’s wearing to the interview is important.
(D) He is not concerned about the interview.

(A) He has almost all the notes.
(B) His attendance was perfect.
(C) He went to all the lectures but one.
(D) He missed more than one psychology class.

(A) They passed the library at 6:00.
(B) The library opens at 6:00 in the summer.
(C) The library closes at 6:00.
(D) You can’t check out more than six books in the summer.

(A) Water the plants once a day.
(B) Give the plants no more water.
(C) Water the plants often while the man is gone.
(D) Give the plants a limited amount of water.

(A) The service satisfied her.
(B) The food was worse than the service.
(C) She thought the service was bad.
(D) Neither the food nor the service was satisfying.

(A) He told his kids to leave.
(B) He seriously wanted the woman to go.
(C) He was joking when he told the woman to leave.
(D) He left with the woman.

(A) The project will take all their effort.
(B) They have no other work to do.
(C) It’s impossible to finish.
(D) They aren’t even close to finishing the project.

(A) She doesn’t mind an hour more.
(B) She’d rather stay more than an hour.
(C) It’s better to stay than go.
(D) She prefers to leave.

(A) The service at the hotel wasn’t too good.
(B) This hotel gave excellent service.
(C) The service at the hotel could have been improved.
(D) This hotel’s service was the same as the service at other hotels.

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